Novice to Expert: An Exploration of How Professionals Learn

Daley, BJ. Adult Education Quarterly. 1999;49:133-147

Importance of Conclusion

Uncovering the difference between how novices and experts learn can help shape programs and enhance the learning outcomes for novices and experts.

Key Points

  • Research has demonstrated that learners move through five stages of career development; novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient and expert.
  • Novices and experts use different learning processes. Experts have an awareness of their learning process, knowing how to construct a knowledge base while novices do not and focus on the accumulation of information.
  • Novices spend a great deal of time soaking up information to form concepts and expert learning is more self-directed.

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